President Trump’s Executive Orders

Round 2, January 26-31, 2017

  • Reevaluating visa and refugee programs
  • Strengthening the military
  • Reorganizing the National Security Council
  • Implementing a lobbying bad on executive branch appointees
  • Defeating ISIS
  • Reducing regulations

Round 1, January 20-25, 2017

  • Obamacare administrative rollback
  • Regulatory freeze
  • TPP withdrawal
  • Federal hiring freeze
  • Reinstating Reagan’s “Mexico City Policy” for foreign aid
  • Restarting Keystone Pipeline negotiations
  • Restarting Dakota Access Pipeline negotiations
  • Expedite environmental review for infrastructure projects
  • Using American steel in pipelines
  • Reviewing manufacturing and industrial regulations
  • Constructing the wall on the US-Mexico border
  • Defunding sanctuary cities plus additional immigration enforcement

Trump on Defense

Throughout the campaign, President-elect Trump has made many statements on national defense and “law and order.”  While on the campaign trail, he has promised to increase military spending in order to increase enlistments, build new ships, build new planes, build new submarines, build a new sea-based missile defense system, and accelerate the Pentagon’s $1-trillion nuclear arsenal modernization program.

To prevent a massive increase in spending, Trump has promised to reduce waste and drive down costs of weapons systems, ask our allies to help pay for their own defense, and depart from the interventionist foreign policy of past Administrations that involve the United States in expensive wars abroad.

Trump on Immigration

President-elect Trump has been vocal about immigration policy.  He released a 10-point plan on immigration reform:

  1. Build a Wall on the Southern Border
  2. End Catch-and-Release
  3. Zero Tolerance for Criminal Aliens
  4. Block Funding for Sanctuary Cities
  5. Cancel Unconstitutional Executive Orders & Enforce All Immigration Laws
  6. Suspend the Issuance of Visas to Any Place Where Adequate Screening Cannot Occur
  7. Ensure that Other Countries Take Their People Back When We Order Them Deported
  8. Finally Complete the Biometric Entry-Exit Visa Tracking System
  9. Turn Off the Jobs and Benefits Magnet
  10. Reform Legal immigration to Serve the Best Interests of America and its Workers

Trump on Energy and the Environment

President-elect Trump campaigned promising to bring back American energy jobs by eliminating regulations and streamlining permitting processes that stifle business.  Trump has also been very vocal on American energy independence and promised to turn the United States into a net energy exporter.  To achieve these ends, it is presumed that agency regulations would be scaled back to benefit American enterprise, with the EPA perhaps being the most visible agency in the crossfire.  Although policy details have yet to be released, it is clear from President-elect Trump’s appointment of Scott Pruitt, a renowned climate-change skeptic, as EPA Administrator that this new Administration’s energy and environmental priorities will be a departure from the last.  To this point, the President-elect has publicly stated his support for increased drilling and mineral extraction offshore and on federal lands, as well as pipeline expansion (including the controversial Keystone XL pipeline), while President Obama’s Administration has trended in the opposite direction on each of these issues.

Trump on Taxes

President-elect Trump describes his tax plan as “lower, simpler, fairer, and pro-growth.”  Trump has promised to cut taxes across the board, eliminating certain taxes (e.g., the estate tax), and streamline tax policy to simplify the code.  Although most of his domestic and foreign policy plans call for an increase in spending, he asserts that reducing tax rates will not increase the national debt or budget deficit because, in the name of simplification, most tax-deductions and write-offs will be eliminated.  Trump proposes reducing the tax rate for corporations from 35% to 15%. Under Trump’s proposal, individual tax rates will range between 12% and 33%.

Trump on Trade

As President-elect Trump campaigned throughout the country, the impact of trade deals and their potential to undermine American workers were his central argument to voters.  To this end, Trump has vocally opposed TPP and promised to revisit NAFTA and back out of the agreement if a “better” deal wasn’t made.  To this end, Trump has promised to tax imports when manufactured by U.S. companies abroad.  Trump also alleges that China keeps their currency artificially weak against the U.S. dollar in order to make its exports more competitive in the American market at the expense of American manufacturing.  Trump has promised to label China a “currency manipulator” within his first 100 days in office and begin enforcing trade sanctions, although it isn’t yet clear if his administration would work through the World Trade Organization to achieve fairer trade objectives.

Trump on Infrastructure

Rebuilding American infrastructure is a bipartisan goal in Washington, and President-elect Trump spoke on this issue often while on the campaign trail.  Trump’s infrastructure goals involve an investment of $1 trillion in infrastructure projects, mostly via public-private partnerships in the form of tax breaks and low-interest loans, which may include chartering a government-run infrastructure bank.  Trump has promised to put Americans to work building roads, highways, bridges, tunnels, airports, railways, ports, and transit systems.

Trump on the Affordable Care Act

Throughout his campaign, Trump promised a repeal of ACA, although details of an alternative were scant.  Trump has previously said that he would work with Congress to repeal the ACA and replace it with a solution that includes Health Savings Accounts while giving states the power to regulate health insurance.  More recently, Trump has walked back his promise to fully repeal ACA and pivoted instead to keeping the parts of ACA that have been beneficial for families (e.g., expanded healthcare access, the ability of young adults to stay on their parents’ plan, and elimination of preexisting condition limitations) while eliminating the parts that have been harmful, such as the inability of insurance companies to compete across state lines.